A free trade agreement (FTA) or treaty is a multinational agreement under international law to form a free trade area among cooperating states. Free trade agreements, a form of trade pact, set the tariffs and tariffs that countries impose on imports and exports to reduce or eliminate barriers to trade and thereby promote international trade.  These agreements generally focus “on a chapter providing for preferential tariff treatment”, but they often also contain “trade facilitation and rule-making clauses in areas such as investment, intellectual property, government procurement, technical standards, and sanitary and phytosanitary issues”.  In general, trade diversion means that a free trade agreement would redirect trade from more efficient suppliers outside the territory to less efficient suppliers within the territories. The creation of businesses, on the other hand, implies that a free trade agreement creates trade that might not have existed otherwise. In any case, the creation of businesses will increase the national well-being of a country.  A 2015 study found that Mexico`s social welfare increased by 1.31% due to NAFTA tariff reductions and Mexico`s intra-bloc trade increased by 118%.  Inequality and poverty have decreased in the regions of Mexico most affected by globalization.  Studies from 2013 and 2015 showed that Mexican smallholder farmers benefited more from NAFTA than large farmers.   As WTO Members are required to communicate their free trade agreements to the Secretariat, this database is based on the most official source of information on free trade agreements (referred to as regional trade agreements in WTO language). The database allows users to obtain information on trade agreements notified to the WTO by country or by theme (goods, services or goods and services). This database provides users with an updated list of all existing agreements, but those that have not been notified to the WTO may be missing. It also displays reports, tables and graphs with statistics on these agreements and, in particular, on the analysis of preferential tariffs.
 On September 30, 2018, the deadline for negotiations between Canada and the United States, a provisional agreement was reached between the two countries, preserving the trilateral pact when the Trump administration submitted the agreement to Congress.  The new name of the agreement was “United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement” (USMCA) and entered into force on July 1, 2020.   Both the creation of businesses and the diversion of trade have a crucial impact on the establishment of a free trade agreement. The creation of businesses will shift consumption from a low-cost producer to a low-cost producer, and trade will therefore grow. On the other hand, trade diversion will shift trade from a lower-cost producer outside the territory to a more expensive producer under the free trade agreement.  Such a change will not benefit consumers under the FTA, as they will be deprived of the opportunity to purchase cheaper imported products. However, economists note that trade diversion does not always harm aggregate national welfare: it can even improve aggregate national welfare if the volume of diverted trade is low.  The agreement entered into force on the 1st. August 2006. All bilateral trade in industrial and consumer goods will become duty-free immediately after the entry into force of the agreement. In addition, Bahrain and the United States will grant each other immediate duty-free access to virtually all products in their tariff plans, and tariffs on the remaining handful of products will expire in a decade.