Conflicts in Myanmar`s ethnic areas are the work of several armed actors, the Tatmadaw and the EAOs. This is why a sufficient solution to the underlying causes of ethnic dysfunction will determine any lasting progress towards democracy. Therefore, agreements to lead the country towards peace should take into account the concerns of all actors who resort to violence. Sub-national conflicts in Myanmar affect more than a third of the country`s 330 townships. Although there are about 51 EAOs in Myanmar, the central government`s decision to select only eight EAOs for the NCA signing in 2015 is problematic. Although two new EOs signed the NCA in early 2018, the selection of some armed groups ignores the political legitimacy of others. This decision reinforces the loss and perception of a new marginalization vis-à-vis certain ethnic groups. Myanmar`s central government should recognize that the demand for political integration of ethnic minorities is legitimate and requires comprehensive action. Therefore, the involvement of all armed actors in the conflict increases the likelihood that agreements will acquire the acceptance and legitimacy of the local population. Thein Sein said he would continue his efforts to convince other groups to join the ceasefire later. The National Ceasefire Agreement (NCA); In Burmese: ?????????????? ??????????????????? ?????????????????????) was a ceasefire agreement that was reached between the Myanmar government and representatives of various ethnic insurgent groups, officially referred to by the government as “armed ethnic organizations” (NGOs).
The draft was adopted by a majority of the invited parties on 31 March 2015 and signed by President Thein Sein on 15 October 2015.  The signing was observed by observers and delegates from the United Nations, the United Kingdom, Norway, Japan and the United States.   On the anniversary of the signing of the agreement, a ceremony is celebrated each year by the government.   Ephraim Bassey Emah is a graduate of the Master of Global Affairs – International Peace Studies Concentration from the University of Notre Dame`s Keough School of Global Affairs. He is a peacemaker with six years of experience in the design and implementation of community and peace-building programs for young people in Nigeria and Myanmar. He also conducts debates on peace policy and conducts extensive research on youth radicalization and violent extremism.