In international negotiations, Colombia has distinguished itself by constructive and ambitious positions facilitating the positive progress of negotiations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Colombia has defended a position that guarantees the greatest possible environmental integrity. To this end, Colombia has decided that all states should contribute to the resolution of climate change to the extent of their national capacity. To this end, Colombia`s foreign policy is a priority to reach a legally binding agreement in 2015, which will replace the Kyoto Protocol from 2020 as an instrument applicable to all States Parties to the Convention and includes binding commitments for each of them. As you know, the agreement should require the 195 member states of the United Nations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through ecosystem mitigation, adaptation and resilience in order to combat climate change. For the first time in a national development plan, Colombia has set a target to reduce intermediate emissions, which aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to 36 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2eq) by 2022. This objective can be seen as a carbon budget that the country can “spend” in different ways by distributing emission rights and commitments among the sectors most responsible for greenhouse gas emissions. This goal is an important signal for private stakeholders and potential investors to find mitigation. The objectives of the national development plan are subject to internal monitoring and annual reports: the Colombian government will necessarily follow a monitoring and reporting system based on the provisions of the Paris Agreement (agreed at COP24 as part of the Katowice climate package). There are still three steps remaining before ratification enters into force. First, the Constitutional Court must conduct a thorough review and give its consent. Secondly, the President of the Republic must sign the ratification and, finally, the Chancellor must inform the United Nations that the process is complete.
In Colombia, several institutions have worked in this direction, including the National Environmental Licensing Authority, and have understood the need to incorporate the recitals of the Paris Agreement and to include the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by selecting low-carbon options. By December 2020, the promise of climate change will semana.com/mipromesaclimaticaes the country for the contributions of the territories. Agriculture, forestry and other land uses (AFOLU) contribute the most to Colombia`s national emissions, followed by the energy sector, waste and, finally, industrial processes and product use. Between 2016 and 2017, Colombia`s deforestation increased by 23% over the previous year. These trends and government assessments of its drivers indicate that controlling emissions from agriculture, forestry and other land uses (AFOLU) will not be an easy task. AFOLU accounts for 55% of Colombia`s greenhouse gas emissions and is the key to promoting lasting peace and prosperity in the country. Action in this sector is therefore essential both for the implementation of NPNs and for the achievement of sustainable development goals.